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The Quantum Dot and Photonic Nanostructures group (QD for short) is a research group in the department of "Photonics" of Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology.

↓ Highlight January 2022: First Room temperature GeSn laser published in Optics Express pdf
(click the picture to open)

A large large part of the activity of the group focuses on photonic crystals which are designed, modeled, measured and fabricated by the team in the clean room facility of the Centre. We study in particular the enhancement of non-linear interactions in photonic crystal nanocavities made of silicon, diamond, germanium or nitride materials: Second harmonic generation, frequency tripling, Raman emission, auto-oscillations, two-photon absorption photodetection, biosensing etc. We also investigate light emission in tensile strained germanium to provide efficient optical sources for silicon photonics. The historical part of the activity is dedicated to the local control of photonic energy and the enhancement of the interaction between light (photons) and matter (electrons, phonons) at the smallest nanometric scales. We like looking at semiconductor nanostructures with strong electronic confinement like semiconductor self-assembled quantum dots. Self-assembled quantum dots are semiconductor nanostructures with characteristic dimensions in the nanometer or tens of nanometers scale. Self-assembled quantum dots can be formed spontaneously by growing lattice mismatched materials like InAs on GaAs or Ge on Si. The physics and the potential applications of these nanostructures are incredibly rich. At the nanometer length scale, the motion of the carriers is governed by quantum mechanics and the energy levels are quantized just like atoms or molecules. From this point of view [of discrete energy levels], self-assembled quantum dots can be considered as artificial atoms inserted into a solid matrix. However this picture is limited. The coupling of the carriers with the environment like the vibration modes of the crystals, leads to very specific properties and interaction mechanisms. We account for the electron-phonon interaction in semiconductor quantum dots which leads to the formation of polarons (entangled electron-phonon quasiparticule), in particular in the far infrared spectral range: time-resolved relaxation and decoherence dynamics, non-linearity like second and third harmonic generation, multiband k.p modelling of the electronic structure and infrared spectroscopy going from ensemble to single quantum dot measurements corresponding to a sub-wavelength ultrasensitive absorption nanospectroscopy instrumentation.
Semiconductor quantum dots are potential candidates for several type of optoelectronic devices like long wavelength lasers or midinfrared photodetectors with improved performances as compared to bulk or two-dimensional heterostructures. They are also potential candidates for quantum information processing as single photon sources or support of qubits. Our group studies different materials in particular those related to InAs/GaAs quantum dots and Ge/Si self-assembled quantum dots :

See thepublications section (top bar) for an up-to-date overview of the activities.

Optical spectroscopy of nanostructures

Modeling of the electronic structure of  nanostructures

Single quantum dot absorption nanospectroscopy

Photonic devices : semiconductor quantum dots and photonic crystals

Quantum information processing with quantum dots

Our group also develops optical telecommunication experiments related to the saturable absorption properties of semiconductors :

Saturable absorption of low-dimensional semiconductors

To learn more about our studies, visit the research web page or click on the links above.

The quantum dot group is part of the SANDiE european network of excellence, that brings together 32 european leading groups in the field of self-assembled semiconductor nanostructures.

Past events:

We have co-organized a Nanophysics day in the framework of Nanophysics pole of PhOM department of the University Paris-Saclay 19 October 2017: fanaphy.sciencesconf.org
Our group has co-organized JBQ 2013, a recurrent national event on quantum dots 24-25 june 2013: jbq2013.upmc.fr
We contribute to the organization of the international conference OECS12 12-16th septembre 2011: www.oecs12.org
Our group co-organizes JNMO 2010, a recurrent national event 28 setp.-1st oct. 2010: www.jnmo2010.org
SANDiE 1st Intersublevel Workshop 2-3 April 2008 Paris: http://www.QDgroup.universite-paris-saclay.fr/islworkshop/

SANDiE 2nd SanCharMod Workshop 12-13 December 2007 Paris: http://www.QDgroup.universite-paris-saclay.fr/SanCharMod/

Our group teaches in master "Components and Antenna for Telecommunications": M2 CAT at university Paris-Sud and contributes in "Quantum Mecanics" basic courses at ENSTA and Centrale-Supélec.

Electron Wave Function
Photonic crystal

Single QDs
Spin States
Semiconductor Saturable absorber in an optical cavity
NAEL department

QD Group advisor: Dr Sebastien Sauvage - Phone : +33 1 70 27 05 10
e-mail : sebastien.sauvage (at) c2n.upsaclay.fr

Up-up-level : Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology